Hemorrhoids develop when there is increased pressure in the blood vessels causing swelling to them. Blood rushes with great pressure on the vessel walls causing blood to push harder on the wall of the blood vessels. Hemorrhoids are commonly found in the lower rectum. Hemorrhoids are similar to varicose veins found in the popliteal cavity of the legs. Hemorrhoids develop as result of increased straining. Those people who suffer chronic constipation are more prone to develop hemorrhoids but a lot of other factors precipitate hemorrhoids to develop including pregnancy, aging and genetics. Hemorrhoids are initially asymptomatic. Late hemorrhoids symptoms would include an obvious protrusion of mucosal tissue around the anus, stool with fresh blood, swelling with pain on the anus area, itching and fissures on the anal mucosa. Further straining will aggravate the hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are not life-threatening but they can be really uncomfortable if untreated.
Hemorrhoidectomy or the surgical removal of the protruding distention around the anus is the treatment of choice for hemorrhoids. After surgical removal of the hemorrhoids, patients are not allowed to sit for long periods of time as this puts a lot of pressure on the surgical site. The diet is monitored. A low-residue diet is often prescribed post hemorrhoidectomy. The symptoms of hemorrhoids may or may not be felt by all people diagnosed with it since generally, the symptoms of Hemorrhoids last only for a week or less. Hemorrhoids affect all people of different nationalities. Men and women are at risk to having hemorrhoids as they reach the age of fifty. Pregnant women are also prone to develop hemorrhoids due to the increased intra-abdominal pressure caused by the growing baby and hormonal changes in the mother’s body cause the vessels to enlarge with blood. Likewise, these vessels are pressurized during labor and the straining during delivery makes the vessels more prone to rupture and distention. A physical assessment is performed to diagnose hemorrhoids. A digital rectal exam or the insertion of fingers into the anus may be performed. Supportive management is used to treat the symptoms of Hemorrhoids. Patients with hemorrhoids are encouraged to have cold baths as this constricts the vessels around the anus and increase fiber and fluids in the diet to prevent constipation. A hemorrhoidal cream may be prescribed to reduce swelling in some advanced cases of hemorrhoids. The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to prevent straining and to keep stools soft by increasing fiber-rich food and oral fluid intake in the diet.